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San Diego State University

Native American Scholars and Collaborators Projects

Boa Moua, NAISC Summer Immersion

Photo: Boa Moua

Note: Click on selected images below, to enlarge.

Image: NASCP summer immersion2011 Boa Xiong SDSU August 20 2011
Photo: Bee Yang, full time lecturer CSU Fresno in the Department of Social Work
Words: Hmong History 4 major Hmong migrations First Yellow River Kingdom Second Zhuolu China Third San Miao Kingdom Fourth Koj Xyooj Kingdom 1830
chiyou (Txiv Yawg) Ruler of Zhuoly Hmong-Miao, 1984 discovery of Hmong king, Chiyou had 3 sons, Oldest was chief of the army, second son economy, third son farming
 Nkauj See Oldest daughter of Hmong king, last princess, had magical powers
Shamanism: Animism is the religion and shamanism is the practice. A person must be chosen to be a shaman. The shaman spirit will test a person first to see if they pass or fail. The testing of patience, purity, honesty and willingness to cure illness.
History of shamanism: Ntxwg Nyoog older son.  Tswv Yis younger son. Family = wife and son. Villagers celebration with animal sacrifice. Disservice to the animal.
Everything has a spirit. Every region has its own regional spirit system. Spirit food offering. Spirits are house spirit, door spirit, shaman spirit, regional govern spirit.
 Shaman deal: 3 days negotiation (chicken, essence, money). If family doesn't pay, the spirit will attack the shaman. Shaman communication: Split horn. Both sides up means there is a situation. One up one down means agreement. Both sides down means disagreement.
Photos of rattle used for the spirit to hear, line between the spirit world and reality, and photo of a shaman at work
4 common Hmong wedding types: Eloping (Tshoob Coj). Kidnapping (Tshoob Zij). Holding Hands (Tsgoob Tuav Tes). Arranged marriage (Tshoob Lis Tsev Hais).
 In order: Arranged Marriage and Holding Hands. Kidnapping. Eloping (least expensive)
Image of umbrella with words Niam Nkauj Jaus: Legend of the orphan boy, Significance of marriage (image of folded cloth)
Photos of items including basket, salt, rice, chicken, silverware, water bottles
Image: drawing of chicken (14:24-18:45)
Photos of traditional golden Hmong wedding items
Photo: Wedding couple with words
Photo: Group of children in bright Tshirts
Photo collage: images of food and food preparation
Photos of Thai bathroom system
Hilltribe Museum: Population of Hill Tribe communities in Thailand.  Karen Over 350,000. Hmong over 118,000. Lahy over 84,000. Akha over 56,000. Lisu over 31,000. Lau over 17,000. Khamu over 0,000.
Photo collage: Hilltribe Populations. Akha, Kulw, Lenten, Lolo, Pala, Pisaw, Tai, Yao.
Photo collage: Various tribes people wearing Hmong colors
Reflection on my immersion. Living environment: Farming, Homes. Slaughtering pig. Education system. Language. Hmong-American's future. Family.

Traditional knowledge has become so old that it's new for some people. Larry Emerson quote
Photo: Boa in Thailand
Photo: fish in buckets
Photo: variety of foods
Photo: Boa with snake